• The Prime Minister will launch the distribution of Property Cards under the SVAMITVA Scheme on 11th October, via video conferencing.
  • The launch will enable around one lakh property holders to download their Property Cards through the SMS link delivered on their mobile phones.
  • This would be followed by physical distribution of the Property Cards by the respective State governments.



  • SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) is a Central Sector Scheme launched on National Panchayati Raj Day, 24th April 2020.
  • Aims: To provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India.
  • To provide the ‘record of rights’ to village household owners in rural areas and issue Property Cards.
  • The demarcation of rural areas would be done using Drone Surveying technology.
  • Implementation: In a phased manner over a period of four years (2020-2024).
  • Implementing Agency: Ministry of Panchayati Raj at National Level
  • Revenue Department/Land Records Department in States
  • Survey of India is a technology partner for implementation
  • Coverage: Around 6.62 lakh villages in six states i.e. Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Karnataka (along with a few border villages of Punjab & Rajasthan)
  • It also includes the establishment of Continuous Operating System (CORS) stations’ network across Punjab & Rajasthan in the Pilot phase (2020-21). CORS will assist in future drone flying activities.
  • Nomenclature for Property Cards: Property Cards are known as ‘Title deed’ in Haryana, ‘Rural Property Ownership Records (RPOR)’ in Karnataka, ‘Adhikar Abhilekh’ in Madhya Pradesh, ‘Sannad’ in Maharashtra, ‘Svamitva Abhilekh’ in Uttarakhand, ‘Gharauni’ in Uttar Pradesh.


  • It will bring financial stability to the citizens in rural India by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits.
  • It will help in creation of accurate land records for rural planning.
  • It will help in the determination of property tax.
  • The survey infrastructure and GIS maps created can be leveraged by any department for their use.
  • It will reduce property related disputes and legal cases.
  • It will support the preparation of better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan by making use of GIS maps.
  • The Gram Panchayats are constitutionally mandated for preparation of Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP) for economic development and social justice.
  • The GPDP is based on a participatory process in convergence with schemes of all related Central Ministries/Line Departments related to 29 subjects listed in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution.


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