• A new organisation (All India Bodo People’s National League for Bodoland Statehood) has announced the revival of the Bodoland statehood movement ahead of the elections to the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC).



  • These are the single largest community among the notified Scheduled Tribes in Assam. Part of the larger umbrella of Bodo-Kachari, the Bodos constitute about 5-6% of Assam’s population.



  • 1967-68: First organised demand for a Bodo state came under the banner of the political party Plains Tribals Council of Assam.
  • 1986: The armed group Bodo Security Force arose, which subsequently renamed itself ‘National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB)’, an organisation that is known to be involved in attacks, killings, and extortions. It later split into factions.
  • 1987: All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) renewed the demand.
  • A fallout of the Assam Movement (1979-85), whose culmination – the Assam Accord – addressed the demands of protection and safeguards for the “Assamese people”, leading the Bodos to launch a movement to protect their own identity.
  • 1990s: Indian security forces launched extensive operations against the NDFB, causing the latter to flee to bordering Bhutan.
  • In Bhutan, the group faced stiff counter-insurgency operations by the Indian Army and the Royal Bhutan Army in the early 2000s.



  • 1993 Bodo Accord: The ABSU-led movement from 1987 culminated in a 1993 Bodo Accord, which paved the way for a Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC), but ABSU withdrew its agreement and renewed its demand for a separate state.
  • 2003 Bodo Accord: In 2003, the second Bodo Accord was signed by the extremist group Bodo Liberation Tiger Force (BLTF), the Centre and the state. This led to the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC).
  • BTC is an autonomous body under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
  • The area under the jurisdiction of BTC was called the Bodo Territorial Autonomous District (BTAD).


2020 ACCORD:

  • The Central government signed a tripartite agreement with the state government and different Bodo groups, including four factions of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), for a “permanent” solution to the Bodo issue. Some features:
  • It provides for “alteration of area of BTAD” and “provisions for Bodos outside BTAD”
  • The BTAD was renamed Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR).
  • It provides for more legislative, executive, administrative and financial powers to BTC.
  • Provision for rehabilitation of surrendered militants of NDFB and bringing a special development package of Rs. 1,500 crores for the region.



  • Peace will continue to be fragile in Assam’s Bodo heartland until an all-inclusive power sharing and governance model is evolved under the provisions of the Sixth Schedule.


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