RABINDRANATH TAGORE

RABINDRANATH TAGORE

CONTEXT
 The Prime Minister paid tribute to Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore on 160th Jayanti on 7th May, 2021.

MORE ABOUT GURUDEV RABINDRANATH TAGORE
 Rabindranath Tagore wasn’t just the first Asian to win a Nobel prize, but also the first Non-European to mark his prominence in literature.
 Tagore Inspired 3 National Anthems – Many people are aware that Tagore wrote 2 national anthems. “Jana Gana Mana” for India and “Amar Sonar Bangla” for Bangladesh. What many people don’t know is that he also inspired the Sri Lankan national anthem “Sri Lanka Matha”. Some even hold a view that Tagore composed the anthem in its entirety.
 He Made a School From His Nobel Prize – Rabindranath Tagore invested his Nobel Prize money in constructing the “Visva-Bharati” school in Shantiniketan. The school ran on the Shantiniketan Education System and gave the  nation many distinguished personalities, Amartya Sen, Satyajit Ray, and Indira Gandhi to name a few out of many others.
 He is responsible for modernising Bengali prose and poetry. His notable works include Gitanjali, Ghare-Baire, Gora, Manasi, Balaka, Sonar Tori, He is also remembered for his song ‘Ekla Chalo Re’.
o He published his first poems aged 16 under the pen-name ‘Bhanusimha’.
 Preface of Gitanjali is Written by W.B. Yeats – The preface of Tagore’s most acclaimed work, Gitanjali, was written by another greatest poet of the 20th century, W.B. Yeats.
 Tagore was once invited by Albert Einstein at his home. The two talked about religion and science and their chat has been documented in the “Note on the Nature of Reality”.
 Tagore Worked on All Genres – Tagore wrote novels, short stories, poems, essays, verses, dramas, songs, and a lot of other stuff. He is believed to have worked on almost all kinds of genres.
 King George V of England knighted Rabindranath Tagore in 1915 for his great contribution in the field of literature. However, following the tragic massacre at Jallianwala Bagh in 1919, he renounced his title.

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