• The Prime Minister of India has recently inaugurated the 450-km natural gas pipeline between Kochi in Kerala to Mangalore in Karnataka.


  • The government has set the energy roadmap, envisaging more than double the share of cleaner natural gas in the consumption basket, diversifying sources of energy, connecting the nation with one gas pipeline grid and bringing affordable fuel to people and industry.



  • A gas-based economy is crucial for an Atmanirbhar Bharat and work is being done in the direction of ‘One Nation, One Gas Grid’.


  • The pipeline grid is expected to not only help improve clean energy access, but also aid in the development of city gas projects.
  • The government is also considering the proposal of bringing natural gas under the ambit of Good and Services Tax



  • One Nation, One Gas Grid refers to the integration of these regional grids thus establishing a National Grid for providing energy produced by natural gas to various stakeholders like the central government, the state governments, the public and the private sectors.



    • Meeting the targets: The initiative of the Indian government will help meet its target of reaching 15% natural gas in its energy basket mix by 2030 which is currently at 6.2-6.5% whereas the global average is 23-24%.
    • Connecting the nation: With one nation and one gas grid, the energy produced from natural gas will be supplied to the whole country via a single source.
    • Improving regional imbalance: It will help in improving the regional imbalance of gas availability as currently the natural gas is only in limited pockets of the country.
    • India as a gas based economy: One nation, one gas grid which will help emerge India as a gas based economy.


  • It will not only lead to robust development in the economy but also encourage a clean environment.


  • Cleaner environment: In times when conventional Sources are depleting and mining is being extended to a greater depth and area, natural gas can prove to be a boon by preventing deforestation and desertification.
  • Reduce import dependency: The import dependency of natural gas in India has reached to 53%. In order to reduce this high percentage, the government is taking measures to diversify the energy mix of India.


  • Encouraging investments: Investing in natural gas should be more encouraged. The share can be divided as : 20% for smaller manufacturing brands whereas for the government and bigger companies it should be 80%.
    • It is important because investing in natural gas means investing in:
      • Cleaner environment
      • Better health for our people
      • Creating more jobs and a better economy for our people.
  • Educating about natural gas: One area where we all should work is in educating people about the natural gas economy because at present the lack of knowledge about natural gas based economy is widely persistent.
  • Empowering the vehicles: Empowered vehicles are needed to reach the destination of One Nation, One Gas Grid. Vehicles such as GAIL, ONGC etc need to be strengthened and empowered to eradicate natural gas energy poverty.
    • It is important to give more importance to companies like ONGC when it comes to upstream for gas and GAIL India when it comes to midstream production and gas distribution, and to companies like Oil India when it comes to oil distribution.
  • Marketing and pricing reforms: To increase domestic exploration, investment and production of natural gas, Marketing and Pricing Reforms are the one step that the Government of India has taken in a couple of months.
  • Collaborative effort: It is not enough that only the central government takes initiatives in the direction, various state govts should also come on board.

(Syllabus Points – GS1 Location of Industries, GS3 Energy)

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