• IndiGo recently said its servers were hacked in December and that possibly some internal documents may get uploaded by hackers on public websites and platforms. 



    • National Security Imperative: The change in military doctrines favouring the need to raise cyber commands reflects a shift in strategies, which include building deterrence in cyberspace.
      • The need for a competent cyber security infrastructure as part of national security was first emphasized by the Kargil Review Committee 1999.


  • Increasing Importance of Digital Economy: The digital economy today comprises 14-15% of India’s total economy and is targeted to reach 20% by 2024.


  • Added Complexity: With more inclusion of artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), data analytics, cloud computing and Internet of Things (IoT), cyberspace will become a complex domain, giving rise to issues of a techno-legal nature.
  • Securing Data: Data is referred to as the currency of the 21st century and due to its bulk creation owing to India’s population, several international companies (Google, Amazon etc.) are trying to have access to it. 


  • Creating Awareness: With countries resorting to digital warfare and hackers targeting business organisations and government processes, India has to create awareness that not a single person or institution is immune to it.
    • While the government and the corporate world are better placed perhaps to create their own programs, it is the civil society who needs to bring into this ambit.
  • Strengthening of Existing Cyber Security Framework: National cybersecurity projects such as the National Cyber Coordination Centre (NCCC), National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) and the Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) need to be strengthened manifold and reviewed.
  • Bringing Cyber Security in Education: Educational institutions including central universities, private universities, industry associations, Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) must incorporate courses on cybersecurity.
  • Integrated Approach: Given increasing dominance of mobile and telecommunication, both National cyber security policy and National Telecom Policy will have to effectively coalesce to make a comprehensive policy for 2030.
  • Promoting Indigenisation: There is a need to create opportunities for developing software to safeguard cyber security and digital communications.
    • The Government of India may consider including cybersecurity architecture in its Make In India programme.
    • Also, there is a need to create suitable hardware on a unique Indian pattern that can serve localised needs.

Given the future of technology under Industrial Revolution 4.0, India requires a strong cybersecurity framework based on the 4D principles i.e. Deter, Detect, Destroy and Document so that it can subverse all attempts towards any cyber challenges.


(Syllabus Cyber Security GS 3 – Use this as an example, Q.9 GS3 2020)

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