• Recently, Pakistan has decided to elevate Gilgit-Baltistan’s status to that of a full-fledged province. 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan is one of the disputed territories of India. 



  • It is an autonomous region now and with this elevation, it will become the 5th province of PAKISTAN. 
  • Currently, Pakistan has four provinces namely Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh. 


  • 1999: Pakistan’s Supreme Court ruled that the people of Gilgit-Baltistan are Pakistani citizens and directed the federal government to start appropriate administrative and legislative measures. 
  • 2009: The Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order was introduced, whereby the Northern Areas were renamed as Gilgit-Baltistan and the region was given province-like status but without representation in Parliament. 
  • 2015: A committee constituted by the federal government proposed giving Gilgit-Baltistan the status of a province. 
  • 2018: A new order was introduced which transferred all powers of the Gilgit-Baltistan council to its assembly. 

This elevation will lead to adequate representation from the province on all constitutional bodies, including the National Assembly and the Senate. 

The Government will also start working on the Moqpondass Special Economic Zone (SEZ) under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). 

  • SEZs work as an engine for economic growth supported by quality infrastructure complemented by an attractive fiscal package, both at the Centre and the State level, with the minimum possible regulations. 
  • Other Developments by China in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir under CPEC: 
    • Diamer-Bhasha Dam. 
    • Kohala hydropower Project and Azad Pattan Hydel Power Project. 


  • Flagship project of China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). 
  • Intends to promote connectivity across Pakistan with a network of highways, railways, and pipelines accompanied by energy, industrial and infrastructure development projects. 
  • Originally valued at USD 46 billion, the projects were worth over USD 60 billion as of 2017. 
  • India has protested to China over the CPEC as it is being laid through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. 

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