• It is the most important fibre crop of India.
  • It is one of the basic raw materials for the cotton textile industry.
  • India is the third largest producer of cotton in the world after China, U.S.A. and Rusia.
  • It is the crop of tropical and sub-tropical areas.
  • It is cultivated as a Kharif crop and requires 6 to 8 months to mature.

Geographical Requirements


  • Needs warm climate
  • 21ºC – 27ºC
  • Abundant sunshine is necessary during the growth of the plant.
  • 210 frost free days.


  • It requires light rainfall.
  • 50 cm to 80 cm is adequate.
  • With the help of irrigation crop can be grow.


  • It grows well in Black cotton soil which is found in drier parts of the Deccan plateau.
  • It also grows well in alluvial soils of Satluj Ganga Basin.

Area of Production

  • Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh.

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