• PM hands over a Chadar for Ajmer Sharif Dargah that would be offered on the 809th Urs (death anniversary) of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti.

About Ajmer Sharif Dargah:

  • Ajmer Sharif Dargah is a sufi shrine (dargah) of the revered sufi saint, Moinuddin Chishti, located at Ajmer in state of Rajasthan
  • The tomb (dargāh) of Muʿīn al-Dīn became a deeply venerated site in the century following the preacher’s death in March 1236.
  • The Mughal Emperor Akbar (d. 1605) visited the shrine no less than fourteen times during his reign. He also reconstructed the tomb (dargah) sanctum sanctorum in 1579.
  • Local and national rulers came to pray here, the dargah grew in popularity and size over the years. Rasiya Sultan, Nasiruddin Mahmud, Muhammad bin Tughluq, Sher Shah Suri, and Akbar and his descendants Jahangir, Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb, Dara Shikoh and Jahanara Begum were known to have visited the shrine. (It means most of rulers visited this Dargah…MCQ Aa Gaya To ALL Mark Karna)

About Moinuddin Chishti

  • Moinuddin Chishti was a 13th-century sufi mystic saint and philosopher. Born in Sanjar (modern day Iran)
  • Having arrived in Delhi during the reign of the sultan Iltutmish (d. 1236), Moinuddin moved from Delhi to Ajmer shortly thereafter, at which point he became increasingly influenced by the writings of the famous Sunni Hanbali scholar and mystic ʿAbdallāh Anārī (d. 1088)
  • It was during his time in Ajmer that Moinuiddin acquired the reputation of being a charismatic and compassionate spiritual preacher and teacher.

Chishti Order (Chishtiya)

  • Chishtiya Order was founded in India by Khwaja Moin-Uddin Chishti.
  • It emphasised the doctrine of the unity of being with God (waḥdat al-wujūd) and members of the order were also pacifists.
  • They rejected all material goods as distractions from the contemplation of God.
  • They abstained from connection with the secular state.
  • Recitation of the names of God, both aloud and silently (dhikr jahrī, dhikr khafī), formed the cornerstone of Chishtī practice.
  • The Chishty teachings were carried forward and popularized by disciples of Khwaja Moin-Uddin Chishti like Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki, Fareeduddin Ganj-e-Shakar, Nizam uddin Auliya and Naseeruddin Charagh.

Other Major Sufi Orders

Suhrawardi Order

  • It was founded by Sheikh Shahabuddin Suharwardi Maqtul.
  • The Suhrawardis, unlike the Chishtis, accepted maintenance grants from the Sultans.

Naqshbandi Order

  • It was founded by the Khwaja Baha-ul-din Naqsh band.
  • In India, this order was established by Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshbandi.
  • From the beginning, the mystics of this Order stressed on the observance of the Shariat.

Qadiriyya Order

  • It was popular in Punjab.
  • Sheikh Abdul Qadir of Badaun founded it in the 14th century.
  • They were supporters of the Mughals under Akbar.

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